Silverphos 5 Technical Data
Silverphos 5 and was developed primarily for use on copper, but its use has extended to other nonferrous copper base alloys. It is used extensively on refrigeration units, air conditioning apparatus, electrical conductors, copper and brass pipe fittings, and other copper and brass equipment.
Silverphos 5 is a copper rich, filler metal that is self-fluxing on copper by virtue of its phosphorus content. The self-fluxing property of this filler metals is effective on copper only. With copper-base alloys, such as brass or bronze, the joints should be fluxed. Silverphos 5 should not be used on nickel-base and iron-base alloys, as the phosphorus reacts with the nickel or iron to form brittle compounds at the interface of the joints. Silverphos 5, because of its higher phosphorus content, is more when heated rapidly to its flow point. Silverphos has less tendency to form large fillets or to fill poorly fitted joints.
Silverphos has a strong tendency to liquate (separation into low and high melting constituents) if heated slowly through its melting range, as normally occurs in furnace brazing. The results in leaving a “skull” of un-melted alloy behind may objectionable from the standpoint of appearance. In furnace brazing it is preferable to pre-place the alloys inside the joint where the skull is not visible.
Normally, the corrosion resistance of Silverphos 5 is of the same order as copper, but under certain conditions may corrode more rapidly. Silverphos 5 should not be used where the joints are exposed to sulfur compounds, especially in gasses or oils at temperatures above normal room temperature. As the corrosion by sulfur is cumulative, even very small percentages will eventually cause failure of the joint disintegration. Exposure to pressured steam can also result in accelerated corrosion.
Properties of Brazed Joints
The properties of a brazed joint are dependent upon numerous factors including base metal properties, joint design, metallurgical interaction between the base metal and the filler metal.
Silverphos 5 alloy conforms to: American Welding Society (AWS) A5.8/A5.8M BCuP-3
Wire, engineered preforms, specialty preforms per customer specification, powder and paste
- AWS: BCuP-3
- EN: CP 104
- Lucas: Sil-Fos 5
- PI: SILVERPHOS 5
- UNS: C55281
- Brazing Temperature Range High: 1595 F / 868 C
- Brazing Temperature Range Low: 1545 F / 841 C
- Liquidus: 1495 F / 813 C
- Solidus: 1190 F / 643 C
- Cu: 89%
- P: 6%
- Ag: 5%
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